Author: Armand Jenkins

Spark Solutions: Your Trusted Electrician Experts


Electrician Boca Raton is a skilled tradesman who installs and repairs wiring. The job requires strong analytical problem-solving skills, normal color vision and physical fitness. Many electricians complete an apprenticeship that includes on-the-job training and classroom instruction. Others take courses at a community college or trade school to earn their license.Electrician

Electricians install, inspect, and repair electrical wiring and systems in residential, commercial, and industrial settings. They may work with low-voltage data and voice communication systems, or high-voltage electricity for powering machinery or lighting fixtures. They also read blueprints and technical drawings, conduct safety inspections of their work areas, and ensure compliance with local and national electrical codes.

Most electricians specialize in a particular type of work or industry. For example, some electricians focus on residential property work, while others work on commercial or industrial properties. Regardless of their specialization, all electricians must have excellent reading and math skills to understand technical documents and diagrams. They must also be able to work effectively with their hands, especially when handling live wires and other hazardous materials.

Some electricians work solely on service calls, while others have a more stable schedule and perform installation and maintenance tasks at regular intervals. Electricians who work on service calls must be able to travel between jobs and respond quickly to emergencies, which can include anything from a simple power outage to a fire caused by an uncovered wire. These electricians often work outside or in cramped, tight spaces.

While most electricians are hired by contractors or building maintenance departments, some are self-employed and operate their own businesses. These electricians must have strong customer service skills to build loyal clientele and promote their business. They also need to be able to effectively collaborate with other tradespeople, such as plumbers and carpenters, to complete projects.

While the demands of this career can be intense, the rewards are considerable. Electricians who enjoy working with their hands and figuring out plans can find satisfaction in their work. For those who are interested in becoming an electrician, it is important to start by completing an apprenticeship and working as a journeyman before seeking master status. This will give you the experience you need to handle a variety of electrical tasks and will help you learn the skills you need to advance in your career. It is also important to have good color vision, since you may need to identify wires by their colors, and physical fitness because you will be on your feet all day and routinely lift heavy objects.


When it comes to maintaining electrical systems, electricians are tasked with a broad range of duties. This includes executing electrical wiring plans, installing fixtures and equipment, troubleshooting malfunctions, and making repairs. These professionals also conduct regular inspections to spot potential problems and ensure the safe distribution of electricity.

Every home requires maintenance and repairs from time to time. Some of these projects are simple enough to handle on one’s own, while others require the skills of a licensed electrician. A DIYer might be tempted to poke around their walls with a screwdriver and start splicing wires, but this is dangerous and illegal.

The role of an electrician is a crucial part of any community, and it can make or break the quality of life for those who live in a particular area. Whether it’s building homes, schools or local businesses, electricians are the key to providing communities with dependable and sustainable power. Electricians can help their clients save energy costs by setting up programmable thermostats and other energy-saving devices. They can even help reduce a community’s dependency on fossil fuels by installing solar panels.

An experienced electrician can complete a wide variety of tasks, but some responsibilities are more important than others. For example, it’s crucial for an electrician to be able to work with other professionals on construction sites. They must also be able to read blueprints and schematics and understand the latest electrical codes.

Another skill that’s necessary for an electrician is customer service. This is especially true for those who own their own business, as happy customers are more likely to hire them again and recommend them to friends and family.

Finally, an electrician must have the right insurance coverage to protect themselves from liability in the event of an accident or if they damage someone’s property. A general liability policy can cover legal fees, damages and other expenses incurred by the injured party. It’s a good idea for all electricians to have this type of protection.


Troubleshooting is a process that can help identify and resolve problems in computer systems, machines, and other electrical devices. The process begins by looking for patterns and common causes of device failure. It also involves eliminating possibilities through a systematic process of elimination. It is a key component of technical support.

In the early days of telegraph and telephone companies, technicians were sent out to “hunt” for problems in their networks. The practice grew out of the need to quickly and accurately identify and fix malfunctioning equipment.

To successfully troubleshoot, it is necessary to gather information about the problem, such as when it started and what caused it. This is akin to questioning witnesses in a criminal investigation. Once the problem is understood, the electrician can start to rule out possible causes of the issue. This is a process that can be time-consuming but is crucial to the success of the troubleshooting process.

Once the possible causes of the problem have been eliminated, it is necessary to test a solution. This can be done by testing the device on which the problem exists or on a similar one. It is also important to document each step of the troubleshooting process. This will be beneficial in future instances when the same problem may occur.

Having effective troubleshooting skills can save both money and time for maintenance teams. It can also be a great way to increase the effectiveness of a team. For example, a maintenance technician who uses checklists for common troubleshooting steps can improve their efficiency and accuracy on the job. This will save them both time and resources that would be used on trying to remember all the details of the troubleshooting process.

An electrician is a skilled tradesperson who installs, maintains, and repairs electrical wiring in various settings, such as homes, businesses, and factories. They use their expertise to interpret blueprints and diagrams, perform equipment tests, and adhere to building codes and safety regulations. Electricians can work indoors and outdoors, as well as in a variety of weather conditions. They can also work with a variety of different tools and machinery.


Electricians repair electrical wiring and systems in homes, businesses, commercial buildings, and industrial facilities. They use blueprints and schematics to troubleshoot problems and adhere to safety regulations. Repairs can include rewiring circuits, replacing switches and outlets, fixing damaged or broken equipment, and making sure all devices are functioning properly.

Some electricians focus on maintenance rather than installation work. They may be called in to replace old equipment, inspect machinery for damage or wear, and advise management about whether continuing operation could be hazardous. They may also recommend upgrades and modifications to improve energy efficiency.

In many cases, electricians are called in to repair equipment or systems that have been damaged by natural disasters, fire, flood, or vandalism. They must be able to work quickly and safely, often in areas that are difficult or dangerous to enter. They must also be able to follow instructions from managers and other engineers who may not be on site.

Because of the variety of responsibilities, electricians need to be versatile and willing to learn new skills as they go along. They must be able to read and understand blueprints, work safely with different types of materials and tools, and communicate effectively with other team members. Because they are often responsible for large and expensive machines, a general liability insurance policy can help protect them from claims of property damage or bodily injury from accidents that occur while on the job.

How Sewer Repair Can Prevent Clogged Drains and Other Plumbing Problems

Sewer Repair

Getting your sewer line repaired can prevent costly repairs and protect your home from various problems. It’s essential to know the signs of a damaged or failing sewer line so you can schedule repair services as soon as possible.Sewer Repair

Unexplained puddles on your property that take a long time to dry are among the most significant warning signs of a broken sewer line. These puddles are caused by leaking sewage that seeps into the soil. Contact Joe Plumber for professional help.

A damaged sewer line can lead to clogged drains and other issues throughout the home. Over time, debris such as toilet paper, hair, soap scum, and kitchen grease can build up and create a blockage. Plumbers can use a snake or chemicals to break up the clog and clear the line. If the problem is widespread, a replacement may be necessary.

Ground shifting or settling can strain sewer lines, leading to bends, cracks, and even breakage. Soil erosion can also cause problems for underground pipes by pushing them against or pulling away from their anchor points. If you suspect your sewer line is broken, a plumber can use a digital camera to examine the condition of the pipe and pinpoint any problems such as holes, collapsed sections, or cracks.

Another common symptom of a broken sewer line is water pooling in your yard. This can be caused by a number of issues, including cracks in the line or a leak. A plumber can fix a broken pipe by using a trenchless method such as inserting an inflatable tube covered in tough, flexible epoxy resin.

A broken sewer line can allow rodents to enter your home through cracks in the line or through a collapsed section of pipe. These pests can spread disease and cause severe plumbing damage. If you notice a rodent in your home, contact a plumber immediately.

Clogged Pipes

A clogged sewer line can be much more problematic than a simple drain blockage. Since sewage flows through pipes and into the home’s plumbing, a severe clog can lead to toilets that don’t flush properly or sinks that back up or flow slowly. In addition, the clog can cause unpleasant smells and even flooding of your home’s plumbing.

Most clogs in indoor plumbing occur in toilets or the trap under sinks, tubs, and showers. These can be caused by soap scum, paper products, food scraps, hair, kitchen grease, and more. Many of these clogs are easy to fix by plunging or snaking the affected drain. However, if multiple drains become blocked at the same time, it may be an indication that there’s a problem with the main sewer line.

The most common cause of a main sewer line clog is non-biodegradable waste. Items such as so-called flushable wipes, toys, diapers, sanitary products, and other non-biodegradable items should never be sent down the toilet. If you notice these items causing a clog, call a plumber for help.

It’s also possible that the clog is caused by an undersized sewer pipe. This is more common in older homes or properties that have been added onto over the years without compensating for the increased plumbing load. A professional can determine if this is the case and install new piping if necessary.

Finally, it’s possible that the clog is due to a break or defect in the actual sewer line itself. If you’ve had recent work done on your plumbing or in your street, the resulting damaged line could be responsible for the clog. If this is the case, you’ll need to contact the city and have them repair it.

Unpleasant Smells

One of the most unpleasant symptoms of a sewer problem is foul odors. These smells can come from a number of sources, but most often, they are caused by the presence of sewage gas in your home. This odor comes from the anaerobic breakdown of organic material by bacteria in the absence of oxygen, which produces hydrogen sulfide gas with a distinctive rotten egg odor.

Odors can also be caused by the presence of mold or mildew near drains, which is usually a sign that there is a leak in the pipes connecting to the drain. If this is the case, it is important to call a plumber as quickly as possible in order to avoid serious damage to your pipes and your home.

Many of the causes of sewer odors are easy to fix at home, although you should never attempt any repairs involving the plumbing vent that runs from your house to the sewage line. This vent is vital to your plumbing system because it helps regulate pressure and remove gases and odors from the house. If this pipe becomes blocked by debris, or if the vent is improperly angled, it can cause sewer smells and even health problems such as headaches, fatigue, and shortness of breath.

Sometimes, a sewer smell can occur simply because the water trap under an unused drain has evaporated. This can happen in as little as a few hours, or it may take weeks of disuse. To fix this, simply pour a pitcher of water into the drain to fill the trap and stop the sewer odor. Another source of sewer odor is the failure of the wax seal between the toilet flange and the base of the toilet, which can occur due to a rocking toilet or a leaking or broken wax ring.

Slow Drainage

One of the most common plumbing problems is a slow drain. This is more than an inconvenience — it’s an early warning sign that the line is about to clog. If ignored, these clogs can get worse and damage your home over time. To stop them from happening, it’s important to know the warning signs and how to fix them quickly.

A slow drain is typically caused by a build-up of everyday materials that accumulate inside the sink drainpipe and P-trap. A small amount of hair, soap scum, and food particles can collect over time to create a partial clog that stops water flow through the pipe. The good news is, you can often prevent this from occurring by regularly performing simple maintenance tasks like plungeing and cleaning the P-trap.

It’s also important to avoid putting food, fats, and oils down your drains. These substances harden over time and can clog the entire system. You can reduce your risk of this by carefully pouring cooking grease and fat into an empty can and disposing of it in the garbage.

In the event that these at-home tips don’t work, you should call a plumber immediately to check the entire network of drain pipes and to perform any necessary repairs. They will be able to remove months- or even years’ worth of sediment that has collected in the drain lines, which will improve drainage and keep your sink draining properly.

A plumber will also be able to clear blocked vent pipes, main sewer lines, and septic systems. They can use professional-grade machine augers to remove blockages and repair or replace damaged drain and vent lines. They can also address septic tank issues with a variety of no-dig and trenchless methods.


Mold spores are found everywhere in the environment, and they can be quite damaging to people. They grow in a variety of conditions, including damp, humid out-of-the-way areas that most people do not see on a daily basis. Molds are fungi, and they derive their energy from organic materials. They decompose dead organisms and aerate soils through heterotrophic processes. They secrete hydrolytic enzymes that dissolve complex biopolymers like starch, cellulose and lignin, and they absorb the resulting simpler substances for their nutrition.

Water pipe leaks can also encourage mold growth inside a house. These moist environments provide a suitable habitat for mold spores, and the resulting slime can clog drains. Mold can also create a host of health problems for the residents of a home, including eye, nose and throat irritation. It can even be a serious health concern for those with allergies or asthma.

Homeowners can prevent their sewer lines from becoming a breeding ground for mold and other dangerous microorganisms by regularly cleaning their drains. An enzymatic drain cleaner can be used to eat away at the slime that clogs most drains, and it is safe for most plumbing systems.

It is important to avoid putting anything down the drains that will obstruct the line, such as paper towels, feminine products and grease. These items can quickly lead to a blocked line and extensive water damage. Homeowners can check their insurance policies to make sure that they have coverage for sewage backup and mold damage.

If you suspect that your sewer line is leaking, it is vital to contact a plumber as soon as possible. Not only can a plumbing professional trace the source of the leak, but they will be able to determine what steps should be taken to repair the damaged pipe and restore your property to its original condition.

How to Plan a Successful Kitchen Remodel

Kitchen Remodel

Kitchen Remodel San Diego can improve daily life and add value to your home. However, it can be overwhelming and costly if you don’t plan correctly.Kitchen Remodel

Observe how you use your kitchen and make design decisions that reflect that. For example, consider where you’ll store items like pots and pans. Also, look into installing drawers in place of shelves as they offer more functionality.

A beautiful, well-appointed kitchen is a selling point for your home and a great way to boost its value. However, upgrading the heart of your home is not without its pitfalls. The key to a successful kitchen remodel is knowing your budget and being realistic about the changes you can make.

A kitchen remodel is a major undertaking and will require an investment of time, money, and energy. Before you even think about hiring a kitchen contractor, having a clear vision for your remodel project is important. This will help you find design ideas, materials, and contractors that fit your needs and budget.

Kitchens are one of the most expensive rooms to remodel, so it is essential to set a realistic budget and stick to it. Many remodeling projects go over budget due to unexpected issues, such as unforeseen costs for plumbing or electrical upgrades. It is also important to include an additional 10-20% of your total remodel cost in reserve for unexpected expenses.

It is a good idea to consult with a professional kitchen designer to get an accurate estimate for the entire project. This will ensure that your project is completed on time and on budget. A kitchen designer will be able to anticipate your needs and provide you with personalized design options.

It is also a good idea to work with a local kitchen contractor who can help you navigate the process and avoid costly mistakes. In addition to providing an expert eye, a local kitchen contractor will know what types of upgrades are in demand in your area and can connect you with reputable kitchen designers and contractors.


A kitchen remodel encompasses a lot more than new cabinets or counters. It also involves a lot of decision making in terms of floorplans, materials and lighting. Having clear goals for your kitchen remodel will help you to make the right decisions. Whether you are looking for a more efficient layout or a better look, these goals should be in mind throughout the entire process.

One of the most important factors in a successful kitchen design is the layout. This will affect how the space is used and where everything is located. Keep in mind that relocating plumbing or electrical will add to the cost of the project. It is best to work with a professional during this step of the process.

Another consideration is the location of appliances and storage. It is a good idea to keep items that are frequently used close together, to save time and energy. For example, it is convenient to have a place for mugs and coffee grounds near the coffee machine. This will save your groggy morning self from having to walk too far for a cup of java. Similarly, it is useful to store wraps and plastic containers near the dishwasher for ease of loading and unloading.

Personal touches are an excellent way to enhance the overall appearance of a kitchen. However, it is important not to go overboard with customization. If you over-customize your kitchen, it may not appeal to future home buyers, and it could decrease the amount of money you get back when selling the property. It is best to choose features that would be appreciated by a wide range of individuals.


Choosing the layout for your kitchen remodel is one of the most important aspects of your project. The layout determines how your space will work and how you and your family can use it. The best kitchen floorplans maximize space while allowing for a comfortable, functional workflow.

A well-designed kitchen is an essential part of any home. The layout should be easy to navigate, with clear pathways between the sink, stove and refrigerator. It should also include plenty of storage space and be equipped with the latest appliances. A poorly designed kitchen can be a nightmare to cook in, trapping cooking odors and posing health hazards. A kitchen should be a place where you can prepare meals and spend time with your family.

Galley kitchens, also called corridor kitchens, are a great choice for small spaces. This lean layout is efficient and works well for single cooks. For larger spaces, consider an L-shaped kitchen or U-shaped design with a large center island. The island offers extra workspace and storage, and it can double as a breakfast bar or casual dining area.

The U-shaped kitchen is a popular option for large spaces. This layout includes cabinets and appliances along three walls, creating a u-shape that is open on one end. This layout is ideal for multi-tasking and allows two cooks to work at once without bumping into each other.

The L-shaped kitchen is a good choice for tighter spaces. This layout features cabinets and appliances on two adjoining walls, allowing for a continuous flow of workspace. This layout is flexible and can accommodate multiple cooks, a breakfast bar or a dining area.


Every kitchen remodeling project starts with gathering the right materials. Whether you are going for a full-on remodel or just some small tweaks, you will need to figure out how much the project is going to cost and what materials you want to use. Choosing the wrong material can end up costing you more in the long run. So take your time to research the best prices on your materials and choose a trusted contractor that has good connections with local suppliers.

A kitchen remodel is a great opportunity to upgrade your appliances. Not only will newer appliances look better, but they will also be more energy-efficient and less likely to break down. Plus, upgrading your appliances can increase your home’s safety by reducing the risk of fire and electric shocks.

You can also update your kitchen with new decor, which is another easy way to refresh your space. For example, you can add a colorful pendant light over your sink or replace dated window treatments with bamboo shades. These upgrades are a cost-effective way to create a beautiful new kitchen.

Moreover, kitchen remodeling can improve the resale value of your home. It is no secret that homebuyers are willing to pay a premium for homes with updated kitchens. So, if you are considering selling your house in the future, a kitchen remodel can be a smart investment that will pay off.

Having the kitchen of your dreams is within reach with a little planning and creativity. Whether you want a bright, airy design or a modern feel, you can find the perfect fit for your lifestyle with the help of kitchen professionals. You can even get creative with your design by using planning software that allows you to visualize the results of your kitchen renovations in 3D.


Kitchen remodels are expensive and time-consuming. If you’re not confident in your DIY skills, hiring a contractor to do the heavy lifting is best. But be sure to research the pros you’re considering, including references from satisfied friends and neighbors, online reviews, and local and national industry association memberships. It’s also a good idea to schedule an initial phone consultation or in-person meeting with your top picks before hiring them.

When choosing a contractor, ask about their education, training, and certifications. Then, verify that they hold a valid license and insurance policy. It’s also a good idea for homeowners to find out how long the company has been in business.

Tips For Successful Bathroom Fixture Installation

fixture installation

Bathroom fixtures make up a huge part of your bathroom’s overall look. They influence style, durability, and even your plumbing system.

Faucet designs are varied and include traditional, transitional, and contemporary styles. The best choice for your home depends on your budget, bathroom size, and personal preference. Call Milwaukee Bathroom Remodeling to choose a stylish fixture to complement your other hardware.

fixture installationSingle-Hole Faucets

The faucets you choose for your sink or vanity can influence the style of the bathroom as a whole. Before you shop, make sure you know how many predrilled holes are available in your sink or countertop to avoid running into any unexpected challenges during installation. The type of bathroom faucet you choose also depends on how much space you have for the spout and handles.

Single-hole faucets fit into a single hole in your sink or counter and combine the hot and cold water supplies into one spout. They can either have two handles that stand on each side of the spout or a single lever that controls both water temperatures. This is a simple option that works well in bathrooms of any size.

For an updated look, try a stylish new drain and spout cover plate to hide the plumbing behind your faucet. It’s a relatively easy DIY project that can instantly transform the look of your space.

Before you begin working, be sure to turn off the water supply valves underneath your sink. Turning on the water while you’re working can lead to a flooded bathroom that requires extensive cleanup.

You’ll need to remove the old spout and handle covers before you can install your new ones. Be careful not to lose the small screws that hold the handles in place, as you’ll need them later to reattach the handles to the new faucet.

Once you’ve removed the old faucet, carefully feed the pex tubing through the escutcheon plates that cover any unused sinkholes. Then feed the hot and cold water lines up through each of the adapters that are attached to the back of the faucet and connect them to the tubing coming in from your home’s main pipes. Add Teflon tape to the threaded end of each adapter before screwing it on, as this will help ensure a tight seal when you connect the water lines to prevent leaks.

Double-Hole Faucets

When choosing a new faucet for your home, it’s important to consider both functionality and design aesthetics. For example, whether you prefer the symmetry and timeless charm of a double handle or the streamlined minimalism of a single handle may influence your choice. In addition, the number of holes in your sink basin will limit or expand your options. A single hole will restrict you to a single-handle model, while three to four holes allow you to install either type.

Double-handle faucets require two separate controls to operate, enabling you to control water temperature with precision. They also provide an elegant, classic look that complements many different bathroom styles. In addition, they’re a great option for elderly homeowners who might have difficulty turning a single-handle faucet with ease. Finally, they’re also more durable than single-handle models and often come with additional features, such as aerators that reduce water flow and make them more efficient.

Single-handle faucets offer simple installation and operation. They typically have a lever or knob that you can use to adjust water flow and temperature. They’re a popular option for homeowners who want to add a modern, minimalist feel to their home. They’re also easy to clean and can be used by people with limited mobility.

When installing a single-hole faucet, be sure to apply a thin coat of silicone sealant around the underside of the spout and use an adjustable wrench to tighten the mounting hardware. Once the faucet is installed, be sure to wipe away any excess sealant and hand-tighten the handles. Then, test for leaks by running a stream of water through each handle. If you find any leaks, shut off the water supply valve and remove the old faucet by unscrewing the lock nuts.

Pull-Out Faucets

If you want to take your faucet upgrade to the next level, consider a pull-out model. These faucets have a shorter spout but include a longer hose that can be pulled out and moved around in different directions, allowing you to reach into corners or sink areas where a standard spout may not be able to reach. They offer greater flexibility, especially for cleaning dishes, and can be a good fit for small or cramped kitchens.

When installing a new faucet, first make sure that the water is shut off to prevent any accidental flooding of your home. Turn off the hot and cold valves underneath the sink, then open the drain to let any residual water escape. Also, remove the aerator from your current faucet spout (it usually just twists off) to prevent any tiny pieces of old aerator from making their way down the drain.

Once the water is turned off, remove the nuts and water supply line connections from underneath the sink with a basin wrench or whatever type of adjustable wrench you have on hand. You’ll likely find them on the underside of your sink, and they should loosen fairly easily with a few turns. After removing the line, use a damp cloth to wipe down the exposed nut and faucet base. This will help make sure that your plumber’s putty is secure and stays in place once it’s been replaced.

Wall-Mounted Faucets

A wall-mounted faucet is a beautiful alternative to the traditional sink and countertop faucet. They provide a clean and modern look that is both trendy and timeless. However, they do present some challenges that must be addressed in the installation process.

One of the biggest issues is the need to install new plumbing rough-ins. This can be a more difficult task than installing the sink faucet itself and can often require hiring a plumber. In addition, the pipe nipples must be sealed properly to prevent water from getting into the walls of the home, which can cause costly and messy repairs in the future.

Another issue is the need to ensure that the spout and faucet are mounted at the proper height for comfortable operation. This can be difficult to determine without careful measuring and marking. This is especially important if you’re planning on installing the faucet over a tub rather than a sink.

Despite these issues, there are plenty of advantages to installing a wall-mounted bathtub faucet. They can save space on your sink and countertop, and they pair well with many different bathroom designs. Additionally, wall-mount faucets are easier to keep clean than deck-mounted or counter-top faucets, and they offer a wider range of motion for operation.

If you’re planning on installing a wall-mounted bathtub faucet in your home, be sure to hire a licensed and experienced contractor to complete the job. They can help you determine the best location for the faucet, mark and drill the appropriate holes, and ensure that the plumbing is connected properly. Additionally, they can help you choose the right type of faucet for your needs and help you avoid any problems that may arise during the installation process.

Vanity Lights

A vanity light can make a significant impact on the overall look and feel of your bathroom. The lighting fixture itself can be a focal point in the space, with many options available that add interest to the decor while providing adequate illumination for shaving and makeup application. Whether you’re changing out an existing fixture or installing one for the first time, a little bit of planning and attention to detail ensures success. From turning off the power and removing the old fixture to properly connecting the wiring and securing the new fixture, every step is crucial. Once the installation is complete, taking a few moments to visually inspect and adjust the fixture will maximize the ambiance and beauty of your newly lit bathroom.

Start by locating your circuit breaker and identifying the switch that controls power to the bathroom. Turn the switch to the “off” position, and use a voltage tester to confirm that there is no current flowing through the fixture wires. Remove the fixture and disconnect any light bulbs from the fixture, if needed. Once the power is turned off, remove the mounting bracket from the wall by unscrewing or loosening the nut that holds it in place.

Depending on the style of fixture you select, it may be mounted to the wall by a crossbar or by having a separate mounting plate that fastens to the wall. The latter option typically has holes in the center that match up with screw holes on the crossbar. If you’re using a replacement fixture, align the holes in the mounting plate with those on the crossbar and insert screws to secure the plate to the box.